Biography of Barbara Hepworth
Dame Barbara Hepworth was a twentieth century sculptor.
When and Where was she Born?
10th January 1903, Wakefield, Yorkshire, England.
Barbara Hepworth was the daughter of a County Surveyor.
Wins a Scholarship to Leeds School of Art. Royal College of Art, London.
Timeline of Dame Barbara Hepworth:
1920: Hepworth meets Henry Moore at Leeds School of Art.
1921: She moves on to the Royal Academy of Art in London.
1924: After graduating she moves to Florence to study Romanesque and early Renaissance Sculpture with her new husband John Skeaping. Moves on from Florence to Rome.
1926: She returns to London.
1928: Hepworth holds her first one-person exhibition at the Beaux Arts Gallery in London. Moves to Parkhill Road, Hempstead, London.
1932: She meets to artist Ben Nicholson and joined the “Seven and Five Society of Artists”. Produces her first pierced form sculpture.
1933: She becomes a member of the Abstraction-Creation Association. and of the “British Unit One Group”.
1934: Birth of triplets.
1935: By now all her work is abstract with the renewed influence of Nicholson.
1938: In November she marries Ben Nicholson.
1939: Hepworth began using colour in her work.
1940: She moved to St. Ives in Cornwall.
1949: Hepworth buys the Trewyn Studios in St. Ives.
1950: She exhibits at the Venice Biennnale.
1951: She is divorced from Nicholson. She moves into the Trewyn Studios where she lives until her death. Exhibits “Contrapuntal Forms” at the Festival of Britain.
1953: Hepworth produces “The Unknown Political Prisoner”.
1954: She visits Greece.
1959: She wins the Grand Prix at the Sao Paulo Biennale for one of her Bronze works, a medium she started to use in the late 1950’s.
1962: Hepworth commissioned to create the “Winged Figure” on the John Lewis Building in London.
1964: She produces “Three Monoliths” in Marble.
1965: She is created a Dame of the British Empire.
1973: Hepworth suffers from throat cancer.
When and Where did she Die?
20th May 1975, Trewyn Studio, St. Ives, Cornwall, England in a fire in her studio.
Age at Death:
- 1924 to John Skeaping.
- November 1938 to Ben Nicholson. (Divorced 1951).
Site of Grave:
Carbis Bay Cemetery, Cornwall, England.
Places of Interest:
Barbara Hepworth Studio, Trewyn, St. Ives.
Tate Gallery, St. Ives.
Pier Art Centre, Stromness, Orkney.
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh.
Dudmaston Hall, Shropshire.
Ory Gallery, Leeds.