Edward Jenner was an Eighteenth Century doctor famous for discovering vaccination and penicillin
When and Where was he Born?
17th May 1749, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.
Edward Jenner was the son of the Vicar of Berkeley who died when he was five.
Local grammar school. Apprenticed to a surgeon at Sodbury, near Bristol at the age of 13.
Chronology/Biography of Edward Jenner:
1762: Apprenticed to a surgeon at Sodbury, near Bristol.
1770: Went to London to study under John Hunter.
1773: Returned to Berkeley where he established a large medical practice.
1775: Edward Jenner began to experiment with cowpox, particularly thinking it could be a protection against smallpox.
1796: Vaccinated the eight year old James Phipps with cowpox from the hands of the local milkmaid Sarah Nelmes. Then showed that the boy was protected from smallpox.
1798: His book “An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Various Vaccinae” had to be published privately after being rejected by the scientific periodicals of the day.
1800: Although vaccination met with opposition over 70 physicians and surgeons signed that they were confident with the process. Within another three years vaccination was being practiced in many other parts of the world. Edward Jenner was awarded two grants by parliament to continue his work.
1798: “An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Various Vaccinae”.
1788 to Catherine Kingscote.
When and Where did he Die?
26th June 1823, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
St. Mary’s Church, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
Places of Interest:
Edward Jenner Museum, The Chantry, Church Lane, Berkeley.
Lytes Carey (National Trust).