Joseph Mallord William Turner was a Nineteenth Century artist noted for his innovative landscapes
When and Where was he Born?
23rd April 1775, 21 Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, London, England. Christened Joseph Mallord William Turner.
Joseph Mallord William Turner was the son of a barber and wig-maker from the provinces.
Studies under Thomas Malton. Royal Academy Schools, London from the age of 14.
Chronology/Biography of J.M.W Turner:
1790’s: Joined forces with Thomas Girtin colour washing his drawings.
1793: Awarded the Greater Silver Palette by the Society of Arts.
1799: Turner elected as an Associate of the Royal Academy of Arts in London.
1800: Publishes some poetry which was originally intended to complement his exhibits at the Royal Academy. He often stayed with his patron Lord Egremont at Petworth House and lodged in many London taverns around this period.
1802: Elected a Member of the Royal Academy. Visits the Louvre in Paris for the first time to see the paintings looted by Napoleon.
1804: Turner sets up his own gallery in his home at Harley Street, London.
1807: Appointed as a Professor at the Royal Academy (of Perspective).
1811: Makes a trip to Italy and is impressed by the landscape.
1814: Helps set up the Artist’s General Benevolent Institution.
1817: Makes a tour of Germany and the Netherlands.
1819: Revisits Italy.
1823: Turner commissioned to paint “The Battle of Trafalgar” by St. James’s Palace.
1825: Again makes a tour of Germany and The Netherlands.
1831: Turner makes an extensive visit to Scotland.
1832: Travels to France and meets the famous artist Delacroix in Paris.
1834: Tours Germany.
1836: Visits Switzerland and France.
1837: Turner resigns his teaching post at the Royal Academy.
1840: Meets the critic John Ruskin who admires his work greatly and who inspires him to visit Venice.
1841: Makes another tour of Switzerland.
1844: Turner makes the acquaintance of Charles Dickens and again makes a visit to Switzerland and Germany.
1845: Becomes the Acting President of the Royal Academy.
1846: Takes lodgings in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London and lives out the rest of his days as a virtual recluse under the assumed name of Admiral Booth.
1850: Turner exhibits for the last time at the Royal Academy.
When and Where Did he Die?
19th December 1851, Chiswick, London, England in a lodging house.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
Artist’s Corner, the Crypt, St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.
Places of Interest:
Cecil Higgins Art Gallery, Bedford
Museum and Art Gallery, Peterborough
City Art Gallery, Manchester
The Lowry, Salford
Civic Art Gallery, Southampton
Bolton Art Gallery
Usher Gallery, Lincoln
Lady Lever Gallery, Port Sunlight, Wirral
University Art Gallery
Maiden Lane, Covent Garden.
Cheyne Walk, Chelsea.
Sandycombe Lodge, Twickenham.
National Gallery, Trafalgar Square. (especially “Rain Steam and Speed” and “The Fighting Temeraire”).
Tate Britain, Millbank. (has a series of galleries devoted to his work).
Victoria and Albert Museum
Sir John Soanes Museum
Kenwood House, Hampstead
Holborne Museum of Art, Bath
Royal Holloway College, Egham
Ruskin Gallery, Sheffield
Mappin Gallery, Weston Park, Sheffield
Harewood House, Leeds
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh
National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth
Ulster Museum, Belfast