James Wolfe was an Eighteenth Century military commander famous for dying at Quebec
When and Where was he Born?
2nd January 1727, Westerham, Kent, England.
James Wolfe was the eldest son of Lieutenant-General Edward Wolfe, one of the Duke of Marlborough’s veterans and Henrietta, daughter of Edward Thompson of Long Marston in Yorkshire.
He was commissioned in the Royal Marines in 1741 aged 14.
Chronology/Biography of James Wolfe:
1741: Appointed an ensign in the army aged fourteen.
1742: Wolfe went on the Rhine campaign with the Twelfth Foot (now the Suffolk Regiment).
1743: Fought at the Battle of Dettingen as an Adjutant where he had a horse shot from under him and was promoted to Lieutenant due to his bravery.
1744: Received a commission in Barrel’s Regiment, now the 4th Kings Own.
1745: Took part as a Brigade-Major in the campaign to defeat the Jacobite army led by Bonnie Prince Charlie. Fought at the Battle of Falkirk as the Aid de Camp of General Hawley.
1746: James Wolfe fought at the Battle of Culloden.
1747: Took part and was wounded in the Battle of Lauffeld under General Sir James Morduant.
1749: Promoted to Major.
1750: Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel of the 20th Regiment.
1758: James Wolfe had now been promoted to the rank of Colonel. He was given the command of a Brigade by William Pitt the Elder and his success under General Jeffery Amherst on an expedition to Cape Breton including the capture of the Fortress Louisbourg (12th June) led to Pitt giving him the command of the expedition to Quebec.
1759: (13th September) His army scale the cliffs on the Plains of Abraham at a poorly guarded point to surprise the French led by General Montcalm. Both leaders were killed in the ensuing battle but Wolfe was to become forever famous for being the victor and establishing British rule over Canada. Wolfe had continued with his fight despite being twice wounded.
Places of Interest:
Stayed with his parents in No 5 Trim Street when in England.
Fusiliers Museum, Wellington Barracks, Bolton Road, Bury.
McCartney’s House, Croom’s Hill Greenwich.
Statue overlooks Greenwich Park from the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
St Alphege’s Church, Greenwich has memorials.
Memorial, Westminster Abbey.
Birthplace, Quebec House, Westerham.
When and Where Did he Die?
13th September 1759, Quebec, Canada.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
St. Alphege’s Church, Greenwich, London.