John Donne was was a Seventeenth Century scholar, poet and cleric
When and Where was he Born?
Between 24th January and 19th June 1572, London, England.
John Donne was born of Catholic parents, John, a prosperous ironmonger and Elizabeth Donne. His mother was a descendent of Sir Thomas More. His father was a prosperous merchant. He was the third of six children.
Hart Hall, later Hertford College, Oxford and Cambridge University to study law.
Chronology/Biography of John Donne:
1576: Death of his father. His mother later marries Dr. John Syminges.
1577: Death of his sister Elizabeth.
1578: Death of his sisters Katherine and Mary.
1584: John Donne goes to Oxford.
1588: Death of his stepfather John Syminges.
1589: Tours on the continent.
1590: His mother marries again this time to Richard Rainford.
1592: John Donne admitted to Lincoln’s Inn Fields.
1593: Brother Henry dies.
1597: Goes on an expedition to Cadiz in Spain with the Earl of Essex.
1598: Travels to the Azores with Essex. Becomes Secretary to Sir Thomas Egerton, the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal.
1601: John Donne becomes Member of Parliament for Bracley in Northamptonshire.
1602: Dismissed from Egerton’s service once he finds out about his secret marriage to his niece, Anne.
1603: Daughter Constance was born. Son John was born.
1605: John Donne travels to France and possibly Italy. Son George is born.
1606: Donne family move to Mitcham and Donne becomes a Protestant.
1607: John Donne takes lodgings in the Strand in London. Son Francis is born.
1608: Daughter Lucy was born.
1609: Daughter Bridget was born. First publication of “The Expiration”.
1611: Daughter Mary was born. Publication of “Ignatius his Conclave” and “The First Anniversary”.
1612: His eighth child is stillborn.
1613: Son Nicholas was born but died within a few months.
1614: Becomes the Member of Parliament for Taunton, Somerset. Death’s of children Mary and Francis. Ordained as deacon and priest at St. Paul’s Cathedral encouraged by King James the First.
1615: John Donne appointed as a royal chaplain. Daughter Margaret born.
1617: Delivers his first sermon at St. Paul’s Cross. His twelfth child is still born. His wife Anne dies whilst giving birth.
1619: Joins Viscount Doncaster on an embassy to Germany.
1621: Appointed as Dean of St. Paul’s Cathedral.
1622: Publication of first two of Donne’s sermons.
1623: Taken seriously ill.
1624: First publication of “Devotions upon Emergent Occasions”.
1627: Death of daughter Lucy.
1630: His final illness begins. Most of the poems known today were published posthumously as they were originally written for friends or patrons.
1611: “Ignatius his Conclave”. “An Anatomy of the World: The First Anniversary”.
1612: “The Second Anniversary: Of the Progress of the Soul”.
1624: “Devotions upon Emergent Occasions”.
1631: “Death’s Duel”. “Poems”.
(1640): “Eighty Sermons”.
(1649): “Fifty Sermons”.
(1651): “Essays in Divinity”.
(1652): “Paradoxes, Problems, Essays, Characters”.
1601: Secretly marries the niece of Sir Thomas Egerton, Anne More.
When and Where did he Die?
31st March 1631, London, England.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, England.
Places of Interest:
St. Paul’s Cathedral (Old building, known by Donne, was burnt down in 1666 during the Great Fire of London).