John Logie Baird was a Twentieth Century pioneer of television
When and Where was he Born?
13th August 1888, “The Lodge”, Helensburgh, Dumbartonshire, Scotland.
John Logie Baird was the fourth child the Reverend John and Jessie Baird.
Lachfield Academy. Studied electrical engineering at The Royal Technical College, Glasgow (Now the University of Strathclyde). University of Glasgow.
Chronology/Biography of John Logie Baird:
As a child he had invented a telephone system for “The Lodge” and connected it to the houses of some of his local friends and also wired up the house so that it was the first in the district to benefit from electric lighting.
1900: He experimented with developing a glider which flew from the top of the house.
1914: John Logie Baird graduated form University. He repeatedly tried to enlist in the army during the First World War, but due to his physical ill-health he was refused.
1920: Visited Trinidad in the West Indies.
1922: Became ill and was forced to leave his work as an engineer for the Clyde Valley Electric Power Company. Worked on his first ideas (which may have been founded whilst he was at university) on television, first in Folkestone and then in Hastings.
1924: John Logie Baird’s first prototype “Television” was first displayed at Selfridges Department Store in London.
1925: The first human face, that of his office assistant William Taynton appeared on a television screen.
1926: (26th January) Unveiled his first fully working mechanical television at the Royal Institution in London which he had been working on from his small laboratory in Soho, London. This was hailed as the first true television.
1927: He sent television pictures by cable form London to Glasgow.
1928: Transmitted a signal across the Atlantic from London to New York. He demonstrated his first colour television pictures. He was also working on radio waves at the time and developed a system which was to become Radar.
1929: The BBC was granted a license to transmit television pictures with Baird’s 30 line mechanical device.
1930: Televised pictures begin on large screens.
1935: John Logie Baird invented Noctovision which was an instrument able to see images in the dark.
1936: The BBC started transmitting Baird’s 240-line system.
1937: He was dismissed by the BBC who then favoured the 405 line electric scanning mode developed by Marconi and EMI.
1938: Visited Australia with his wife.
1941: Stereoscopic Colour television became fully developed.
1944: Telechrome, the first colour mechanical tube was displayed for the first time.
1931 to the concert pianist Margaret Albu.
When and Where did he Die?
14th June 1946, Bexhill-on-Sea, Sussex, England.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
Helensburgh, Scotland. Memorial window in the West Kirk, Colquhoun Square, Helensburgh.
Places of Interest:
Museum of the Moving Image, Waterloo.
8 Queen’s Avenue, Hastings is the site of Baird’s Television laboratory.