Lord Byron was a Nineteenth Century Romantic Poet
When and Where was George Gordon, Lord Byron Born?
Born as George Gordon on 22nd January 1788, London, England.
Lord Byron was the son of Captain John “Mad Jack” Byron and his second wife, Catherine Gordon, a Scottish heiress.
Aberdeen Grammar School. Harrow School. Trinity College, Cambridge.
Chronology/Biography of Lord Byron:
1788: Moves to Aberdeen with mother.
1791: 2nd August Death of his father.
1798: Becomes 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale. Visits Newstead Abbey for the first time.
1808: Byron takes possession of Newstead Abbey.
1809: 13th March. Takes up his seat in the House of Lords. 2nd July. Leaves England to travel in Europe, Greece and Turkey.
1811: Returns to England. Death of his mother.
1812: Makes maiden speech in the House of Lords. Becomes famous on the publication of the first parts of “Childe Harold”. Has affairs with Lady Caroline Lamb and Lady Oxford.
1813: Affair with his half-sister Augusta Leigh. Becomes engaged to Annabella Milbanke.
1815: Birth of Byron’s Daughter Augusta Ada.
1816: Lady Byron leaves to live with her parents. 21st April. Deed of Separation signed. 25th April. Leaves England and lives in Switzerland (May-October). Becomes friendly with Shelley. Affair with Claire Clairmont who becomes pregnant. November. Settles in Venice.
1817: 12th January, Birth of Allegra, his daughter by Claire Clairmont.
1818: Takes charge of Allegra.
1819: Byron has an affair in Venice with Countess Teresa Guiccioli.
1820: Lives in Ravenna, Italy. Countess Guiccioli is separated from her husband. Byron joins an Italian revolutionary society called the Carbonari.
1821: Sends Allegra to a convent in Bagnacavello. Moves to Pisa where Shelley is now staying.
1822: 20th April. Allegra dies of typhoid fever. 8th July. Shelley drowns in a boating accident. Moves to Genoa and becomes involved with Leigh Hunt.
1823: June. Byron plans to go to Greece to take part in their struggle for independence from the Turks. 3rd August Arrives in Cephalonia.
1824: 5th January. Arrives in Missolonghi. 15th February. Suffers from convulsions. 9th April. Contracts illness after riding in the rain.
1806: “Fugitive Pieces”. (printed privately)
1807: “Hours of Idleness”. “Poems on Various Occasions”
1809: “English Bards and Scotch Reviewers”. “Imitations and Translations from the Classics, with original poems”
1812: “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage” (Cantos 1-2)
1813: “The Bride of Abydos”
1814: “The Corsair”. “Ode to Napoleon”. “Lara”
1815: “Collected Works”. “Hebrew Melodies”
1816: “Monody on the Death of Sherida. Poems on his Domestic Circumstances”. “The Prisoner of Chillon”. “The Siege of Corinth”
1817: “Childe Harold” (Cantos 3). “Beppo”. “The Lament of Tasso”. “Manfred”
1818: “Childe Harold” (Canto 4).
1819: “Don Juan” (Part 1-2)
1820: ” Marino. Faliero”.
1821: “The Two Foscari”. “Cain”. “Sardanapolus”. “Foscari”. “Marino Faliero”. “Don Juan” (Parts 3-5).
1822: “The Vision of Judgement”
1823: “Werner”. “The Age of Bronze”. “Don Juan” (Parts 6-14). “The Island”
1824: Don Juan (Parts 15-16)
Jan 2nd 1815 to Annabella Milbanke, at Seaham Hall.
When and Where did he Die?
19th April 1824. Missolonghi, Greece of fever. Remains brought back to England by Leicester Stanhope who had joined him in Greece fighting for the cause.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
St. Mary Magdalen Church, Hucknall, Torkard, Nottinghamshire.
Places of Interest:
Dove Cottage and Museum, Grasmere, LA22 9SH. (Wordsworth Trust.)
Newstead Abbey, Newstead Abbey Park, NG15 8G
Roamed the White Cliffs in 1816 before his departure for Greece.
National Portrait Gallery.
Bowood House, Calne has his Albanian costume.