Sir Francis Bacon was an Elizabethan scholar and statesman
When and Where was he Born?
22nd January 1561, York House, The Strand, London, England.
Francis Bacon was the youngest son by second marriage of Queen Elizabeth First’s Statesman Sir Nicholas Bacon.
Trinity College, Cambridge at the age of twelve. Gray’s Inn, London to study law.
Chronology/Biography of Francis Bacon:
1582: Bacon became a barrister.
1584: Took up his seat in parliament in the House of Commons but his opposition to Queen Elizabeth the First’s taxation plans meant that he was not promoted.
1601: He became one of the Prosecutors of the Earl of Essex even though he had originally been one of his supporters.
1603: Bacon was knighted by the new King, King James the First.
1607: Appointed Solicitor General
1613: Became Attorney General.
1617: Appointed Lord Keeper.
1618: Bacon became Lord Chancellor.
1621: Raised to the Peerage as Lord Verulam of Verulam and then created Viscount St Albans. He had been well known for accepting bribes at law and when he was accused of accepting a bribe from one of his current litigants, he admitted his guilt. He was stripped of all his public offices and went into retirement. Bacon’s philosophical writings, however, continued to be influential. In particular he is noted for his theory that the only knowledge of importance to man was that empirically rooted in nature. He formed the principles of inductive thinking which were a continuation of the work of Aristotle and which paved the way for modern scientific theories based on analysis of natural processes.
1594: “Gesta Gragorum”.
1597: “The Colours of Good and Evil”.
1605: “The Advancement of Learning”.
1620: “Novum Organum”.
1622: “Historia Naturalis et Experimentalis. “History of the Reign of King Henry the Seventh.”
1623: “De Augmentis Scientarum”.
1625: “Slyva Sylvanum” (including New Atlantis).
(1630): “Maxims of the Law”. “Elements of the Common Laws of England”.
(1642): “Reading on the Statute of Uses”.
1617 to Alice Barnham.
When and Where did he Die?
9th April 1626, London, England. Caught a chill after experimenting with the refrigeration of food by snow.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
St. Michael’s Church, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.
Places of Interest: