Thomas Carlyle was a Nineteenth Century novelist and writer
When and Where was he Born?
4th December 1795, Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland.
Thomas Carlyle was the son of a poor Calvinist stone mason and the oldest of nine children.
Annan Grammar School. Edinburgh University studying Mathematics and divinity. In 1818 returned to study law.
Chronology/Biography of Thomas Carlyle:
1814: Became a teacher of mathematics at Annan Academy. Becomes interested in German literature and philosophy.
1818: Returned to Edinburgh University to study law after undergoing a spiritual crisis when he gave up his Christian faith. Wrote articles for the “Edinburgh Encyclopedia”.
1821: Thomas Carlyle meets the writer Jane Baillie Welsh who was later to become his wife.
1823: His first major work is published in “The London Magazine” about the “Life of Schiller”.
1828: Moves to live on his wife Jane’s estate at Craigenputtock, near Dumfries to live more frugally. Settles down to writing works on social philosophy.
1829: Published “Signs of the Times” in the Edinburgh Review”.
1831: Takes a long time to find a publisher for “Sartor Resartus” which is a mixture of novel and autobiography about the value of clothes and human values. Eventually it is taken up by Fraser’s Magazine. Meets John Stuart Mill.
1832: The American writer Ralph Waldo Emerson visits him in Scotland.
1834: Moves to Chelsea in London where he was to spend the rest of his life. Starts writing his major work “The French Revolution”. Became a member of a literary circle that included the essayists Leigh Hunt and the philosopher John Stuart Mill.
1835: Unfortunately Mill’s servant uses the manuscript of the first volume of “The French Revolution” to start a fire.
1836: Emerson helps him publish “The French Revolution” in America.
1837: Completes and publishes both volumes of “The French Revolution” in England.
1838: Thomas Carlyle publishes “Sartor Resartus” in England. Forms a hatred of Democracy
1840: Begins giving a series of lectures on heroes, Chartism and history.
1841: Gives a series of lectures, one of which is published as “On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History”.
1845: Publishes “The Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell.”
1850: Thomas Carlyle publishes “Latter Day Pamphlets.”
1858: Begins writing “The History of Friedrich the Great of Prussia”.
1866: Becomes Lord Rector of Edinburgh University and gives an inaugural address.
1874: Accepts the Prussian Order of Merit from the Iron Chancellor Otto von Bismarck but refuses a baronetcy from the English Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
Numerous Articles for the “Edinburgh Encyclopedia”.
1824: Translation of Goethe’s “Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship”.
1825: “The Life of Schiller”
1833-4 “Sartor Resartus” (published in installments in Fraser’s Magazine.
1836: “Sartor Resartus” Published as a book in the United States.
1837: “The French Revolution”. (in three volumes).
1843: “Past and Present”
1845: “The Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell.”
1850: “Latter Day Pamphlets”
1858-65. “History of Frederick the Great” (In Six Volumes).
1826 to Jane Baillie Welsh, a doctor’s daughter and writer.
When and Where did he Die?
5th February 1881, London, England.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
Church Cemetery, Main Street, Ecclefechan, Scotland. Refused the opportunity to be buried in Westminster Abbey as he wanted to be buried next to his mother.
Places of Interest:
DUMRIES AND GALLOWAY:
Thomas Carlyle’s Birthplace, The Arched House, Ecclefechan, Lockerbie.
Jane Welch Carlyle’s House, 1A Lodge Street, Haddington, East Lothian.
Carlye’s House, 24 Cheyne Row, Chelsea, London, SW3.
The British Library.