Thomas Gainsborough was an eighteenth century painter particularly of portraits
When and Where was he Born?
14th May 1727, Sudbury, Suffolk, England.
Thomas Gainsborough was the youngest and fifth son of John Gainsborough a maker of woolen goods and Mary Burroughs. One of nine children in total.
Apprenticed to the French engraver Hubert Francois Gravelot in London. Also worked with Francis Hayman.
Chronology/Biography of Thomas Gainsborough:
1740-6: Gainsborough went to London to work with French engraver Gravelot.
1746: He moved with his new wife to Hatton Garden, London.
1748: “The Charterhouse” is the last picture of his apprenticeship period. Painted the world famous “Mr. and Mrs. Andrews”.
1749: Gainsborough returned to Live in Sudbury, Suffolk and lived at Friar’s Street.
1750: Birth of daughter Mary.
1751: Birth of daughter Margaret. Family moved to live in Foundation Street, Ipswich.
1752: Gainsborough set up as a portrait painter at Ipswich.
1760: He moved to Bath where the family rented a large house in Abbey Street.
1761: Gainsborough sent paintings to the newly formed Society of Artists in London.
1766: The family moved to a house on The Circus, Bath.
1768: He painted “Viscount Kilmorey (National Gallery, London). Invited to become a Foundation Member of the Royal Academy of Arts in London of which Sir Joshua Reynolds was the first President.
1772: He took on his nephew as an apprentice.
1773: Gainsborough quarreled with the Royal Academy of Arts about the way they hung his pictures and stopped sending work to them.
1774: The family moved permanently to London and lived at Schomberg House, Pall Mall. Painted “Mary Countess Hume” (Kenwood Collection, London).
1770: He painted”The Harvest Wagon” (Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Birmingham).
1777: He painted “The Watering Place” (National Gallery, London). Began sending work once more to the Royal academy of Arts.
1783: Gainsborough made a tour of the Lake District during the summer with his friend from Ipswich, Samuel Kilderee. He visits Antwerp, Belgium in September.
1784: He quarreled once more with the Royal Academy of Arts largely about the place given to “The King’s Daughters” and began to hold annual exhibitions of work in his own studio.
15th July 1746 to Margaret Burr at Dr Keith’s Chapel in Mayfair, London.
When and Where did he Die?
2nd August 1788, London, England.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
St. Anne’s Church, Kew Green, Kew, Surrey, England.
Places of Interest:
Painted “The Blue Boy” at No 17, The Circus, Bath. (Rented House).
Bristol Art Gallery.
Barber Institute of Fine Arts, University of Birmingham.
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.
Burrghley House, Stamford.
National Portrait Gallery.
Royal Academy of Arts, Piccadilly.
Victoria and Albert Museum.
Dulwich Picture Gallery.
Norwich Castle Museum.
Gainsborough’s Birthplace Museum, Sudbury, Ipswich.
Temple Newsham House, Leeds.
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art.
Powis Castle, Welshpool.
Ulster Museum, Belfast.