William Godwin was an eighteenth/nineteenth century philosopher who married Mary Wollstonecraft
When and Where was he Born?
3rd March 1756, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England.
William Godwin spent his childhood in Guestwick, Norfolk.
Hoxton Presbyterian College.
Chronology/Biography of William Godwin:
1779: Godwin started a five-year ministry of religion at Ware, Stowmarket and Beaconsfield where his sympathies turned increasingly republican.
1787: He became a complete “Non-believer”.
1791: William Godwin took rooms in the St. Paul’s District of London. He first met Mary Wollstonecraft at a dinner held by the publisher Joseph Johnson where Tom Paine was speaking. Godwin was disappointed with Mary as she spent to whole time criticising Paine.
1793: Godwin’s “An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice” brought him fame and the admiration of such people as Coleridge, Southey, Wordsworth and Shelley. Shelley was later to become his disciple, benefactor and son in law.
1794: William Godwin’s publication of the masterpiece “The Adventures of Caleb Williams” was sceptical about much of the law, especially that of marriage, however it deprecated violence, especially against the state and he narrowly missed prosecution.
1796: Meets Mary Wollstonecraft for the second time and starts a relationship with her.
1798: Writes “Memoirs of the Author of a Vindication of the Rights of Women” about Mary Wollstonecraft which shocks many of his friends and polite society with its candour.
1803: Son William born. Opens his bookshop just off the Tottenham Court Road in Hanway Street.
1807: William Godwin moves his shop to 41 Skinner Street.
1812: Visits the Shelleys in their cottage in Lynmouth in Devon only to find that they have fled from the authorities.
1822: He moves to 195 The Strand still owing a lot of rent at Skinner Street.
1833: As his bookselling business was not financially successful he was relieved to be appointed to the post of “Yeoman of the Exchequer”. (Lodgings at New Pace Yard came with the post).
1834: Part of his duties was to maintain the fire fighting equipment for the Houses of Parliament. Unfortunately this equipment proved inadequate when the parliament buildings caught fire during the evening of 16th October causing extensive damage.
1793: “Enquiry concerning Political Justice, and its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness.”
1794: “Things as They Are.” or, “The Adventures of Caleb Williams.”
1797: “The Enquirer.”
1798: “Memoirs of the Author of a Vindication of the Rights of Women (Mary Wollstonecraft).”
1799: “St. Leon.”
1800: “Antonio.” (Play).
1820: “Of Population, in Answer to Mr. Malthus.”
1824: “The History of the “Commonwealth of England.”
1830: “Cloudesley, A Tale.”
1831: “Thoughts on Man, his Nature, Productions, and Discoveries, Interspersed with some particulars respecting the author.”
1834: “Lives of the Necromancers.”
2, 1801: To Mrs Mary Jane Clairemont.
When and Where did he Die?
7th April 1836, London.
Age at Death:
Site of Grave:
Originally buried in St Pancras Old Churchyard but was re-interred in 1851 by his grandson Percy Florence Shelley in St. Peter’s Churchyard, Bournemouth, Dorset, England with wife Mary Wollstonecraft and next to Daughter Mary Shelley.
Places of Interest:
The British Library.
St Pancras Old Church and gardens.
Lynmouth. Visits the Shelleys.