Biography of Graham Sutherland
Graham Sutherland was a twentieth century artist known for his tapestry in Coventry Cathedral and portraits.
When and Where was he Born?
24th August 1903, London, England.
Graham Sutherland was the son of a lawyer and civil servant.
Goldsmiths’ College of Art, London.
Timeline of Graham Sutherland:
1926: Sutherland became a Catholic.
1928: He began teaching at the Chelsea school of Art.
1930: The print market in Great Britain in which he had plied his trade collapsed due to the recession and Sutherland began painting.
1934: Sutherland was profoundly affected by the landscape of Pembrokeshire in Wales.
1936: He exhibited some landscapes in the International Surrealist Exhibition in London.
1937: Sutherland moved to the White House in Kent.
1939: He gave up his role at the Chelsea school of Art.
1940: Sutherland was appointed an official War Artist. He principally worked on the home front painting and drawing the mines and urban bomb damage.
1941: He held his first retrospective exhibition along with Henry Moore and John Piper at the Temple Newsam Gallery in Leeds.
1944: The vicar of St Matthew’s in Northampton, Walter Hussey, commissioned him to paint “The Crucifixion” for the church.
1946: St Matthew’s Church, “Crucifixion” completed. Held his first one man exhibition at the Bucholz Gallery in New York.
1947: His work became inspired by his visits to the South of France.
1949: Sutherland painted a portrait of William Somerset Maugham.
1952: He exhibited in the British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale with other artists such as Edward Wadsworth. He was commissioned to design a large tapestry for Coventry Cathedral.
1954: The controversial portrait of Winston Churchill is painted. Churchill hated it as he said it made him look half witted. (Later to be destroyed by Churchill’s wife in 1955 or 1956).
1955: Sutherland purchased a La Villa Blanche in Menton in the South of France.
1962: The large tapestry “Christ in Glory” was completed for the new Coventry Cathedral designed by the Architect Basil Spence.
1967: Sutherland returned again to Wales and was to work there many times again before his death.
1977: Major retrospective of his portraits at the National Portrait Gallery in London.
Where and When did he Die?
17th February 1980, London, England.
Age at Death:
1927 to Kathleen Barry.
Site of Grave:
Churchyard at Trottiscliffe, Kent after a private service at a Roman Catholic Seminary in West Malling.
Places of Interest:
Coventry Cathedral (Tapestry behind Altar).
Nature in Art, Wallsworth Hall.
City Art Gallery, Southampton.
Bolton Art Gallery.
Art Gallery, Bury.
City Art Gallery, Manchester.
Royal Air Force Museum, Hendon.
National Portrait Gallery.
Pallant House, Chichester.
Museum and Art Gallery, Swindon.
Ory Art Gallery, Leeds.
Graham Sutherland Gallery, Penrhyn Castle, Bangor.
School of Art Gallery and Museum, Aberystwyth.